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Nazis in America and the Conservative far right agenda
by Myrna Estep, Ph. D

Hate: George Lincoln Rockwell and the American Nazi Party
[388 pp with photos. Published by Brassey's, Washington, London, 1999]
William H. Schmalz (author)
ISBN-13: 978-1574881714
A Commentary and Review

Footnotes

The article - Nazis in America

[1] The term 'Nazi' is formed from the German word 'Nationalsozialistische.' National Socialism, commonly called Nazism, was the German political movement initiated in 1920 with the organization of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, or NSDAP), also called the Nazi Party. The movement culminated in the establishment of the Third Reich, the totalitarian German state led by the dictator Adolf Hitler from 1933 to 1945.

[2] Note that the term 'conservative' is used in different senses: 'Conservative' with a small 'c' is usually taken to mean that one favors traditional views and values while also opposing change. One can be conservative in one's personal life without, however, being a conservative in one's political life. 'Political or Social Conservative' in the U.S. is usually taken to refer to political positions opposing activism by the U.S. Government. 'Conservative Right' is taken to refer to those individuals or groups falling on the far right end of the political or social conservative spectrum. Within those groups, positions on the role of the Federal Government vary, but they all minimally view the U.S. Government as Liberal, intrusive, and immoral. Following Cline, in general, the term "radical/religious right" refers to those groups which, despite other ideological differences, share in common that they pose a threat to liberty, democracy and pluralism. They are "radical," in that they advocate extreme and dramatic changes in society. They are "religious," in that they tend to base their ideologies upon religious doctrines and religious texts. Groups range from moral warriors like Pat Robertson and Don Wildmon to less overtly religious groups like the Heritage Foundation to white supremacist groups and militias like the Aryan Nation and the Ku Klux Klan. What links them are their ideas on who should hold power and how that power should be exercised. See Austin Cline, "Radical Religious Right," at Atheism.About.com, February 3, 1999.

[3] Randy Bird and Garland Allen, "Archival Sources in the History of Eugenics," Journal of the History of Biology, Volume 14, No. 2, Fall, 1981, p. 351. Also: Giesela Bock, "Racism and Sexism in Nazi Germany," Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Vol. 8, no. 3, Spring, 1983.

[4] Associated Press, "Dr. Accused in Nazi-Era Deaths Unfit," The New York Times, March 21, 2000.

[5] Theodora H. Kalikow, "Konrad Lorenz's Ethological Theory: Explanation and Ideology, 1938-1943," Journal of the History of Biology, Vol. 16, No. 1, Spring, 1983, pp. 39-73.

[6] Giesela Bock, "Racism and Sexism in Nazi Germany," Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Vol. 8, no. 3, Spring, 1983.

[7] In 1933 Hitler's newly installed Nazi government in Germany made abortion illegal for Ayran women. Aryan women were encouraged to have as many "pure" blooded Aryan babies as possible. Lebensborn homes were set up by the SS to ensure that pregnant Aryan women could be taken care of until their babies were born. Many of those women were impregnated by SS soldiers.

[8] Carl Bajema, Eugenics: Then and Now, Stroudsburg, 1976.

[9] For just one academic Conservative Right theorist's statement on this, read Daniel Bonevac, "Leviathan U.," The Imperiled Academy, Transaction Publishers, 1993. Also: Daniel Bonevac, "What Multiculturalism Should Not Be," in College Literature, 21:3, October 1994, pp. 157-172.

[10] Along with academic racists at the University of Texas, the platform of the Republican Party of Texas includes charges of this sort against 1960's liberals following along some of these same lines. These charges have been repeated numerous times by George W. Bush. On the more overtly racist end of the spectrum, one reads the same sort of charges against the 1960's from the likes of Matt Hale of the World Church of the Creator, and others. For an excellent study of these groups, see Harvey W. Kushner, Terrorism in America: A Structured Approach to Understanding the Terrorist Threat, Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, 1998.

[11] Kushner, op.cit., p. 60.

[12] For examples of this, see texts of numerous civil lawsuits filed against the University of Texas under assorted Federal anti-discrimination lawsuits by women students and faculty. For references, see my "Fear and Loathing. . ." in archives at Feminista.com.

[13] Two academic Conservative Right "Natural Law" theorists, Randy Thornhill and Craig Palmer, recently published their A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion, Boston: MIT Press, 2000. Based largely on insect and lower animal studies, the authors advance the basic thesis that rape is an evolved "natural" adaptation, through sexual selection, to help males pass on their genes to succeeding generations. They hold that since forced copulation is apparently successful sex in scorpionflies and a few other lower species, it must therefore be a guiding evolutionary factor in human sex as well. See "Rape on the Brain," by Susan Brownmiller in Feminista.com, Volume 3, Number 9, for a review of this "natural law"rationalization of rape by human males.

[14] Raymond B. Cattell, Beyondism: Religion from Science, New York, 1987.

[15] One such Conservative Right organization is the Center for Individual Rights. Lawyers of that organization represented Plaintiffs in the Hopwood v University of Texas suit, eventually culminating in the elimination of Affirmative Action in states of the U.S. Fifth Circuit, notably Texas.

[16] Certain Conservative Right academicians are doing this while only thinly disguising their efforts; in places, these academicians have referred to their strategy as a "counterinsurgency war" against minorities and women. See references to Daniel Bonevac, op, cit.

[17] See the Institute for Academic Racism [ISAR] documents found at http://www.ferris.edu/isar/ One funding source for these academic adherents of biological determinism and racism is the so-called Pioneer Fund. This Fund has been around a long time, and has been supportive most recently of efforts to overturn affirmative action laws. It has a long history of fighting Civil Rights legislation and efforts in education to obtain equality for the poor and non-white minorities. Its connection with the American Nazi Party became evident upon investigation of some of the Fund's recipients. [ISAR].

[18] As noted in ISAR documents [op.cit], "In the 1950s and 1960s, the Pioneer Fund aligned itself with the American right fighting Brown v. Board of Education. Ralph Scott (alias Edward P. Langerton), Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Northern Iowa,"' received over $40,000 from the Pioneer Fund in the mid-1970s. This included a $6,000 grant to test 'Anglo-Saxon' schoolchildren in a study directed by Donald Swan, Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Hattiesburg, Mississippi. When Swan was arrested in 1966 for mail fraud, authorities found Nazi paraphernalia, swastika flags, weapons, pictures of Swan with members of George Lincoln Rockwell's American Nazi Party and hundreds of anti-Semitic, anti-black and anti-Catholic pamphlets in his home. [See ISAR sources]. The ISAR site also includes the following: "Although Scott is not a geneticist, he also used Pioneer funds to study 'forced busing and its relationship to genetic aspects of educability', and to organize anti-busing conferences, out of which grew the National Association for Neighborhood Schools. Scott defended his acceptance of Pioneer funds, even when the organization was exposed as racist. . . .[ISAR, op.cit.] Also, as noted in ISAR documents, eugenicists successfully legitimated and integrated themselves with the Reagan right. In 1985 Scott was chosen as the chair of the Iowa Advisory Commission on Civil Rights by Clarence Pendelton, Reagan administration appointee to the US Civil Rights Commission. The Pioneer Fund also is currently closely associated with Jesse Helm's multi-million dollar high-tech political machine. The fund's president, Harry F. Weyher, is lead counsel for Fairness in Media (FIM), the group that attempted to take over the CBS television network. Thomas F. Ellis, Helm's political strategist and FIM founder, served as a director of the Pioneer Fund. Despite Roger Pearson's connections through the World Anti-Communist League with people such as Earl Thomas, former American Nazi Party storm trooper, and Giorgio Almirante, former leader of the Italian MSI, who served in Mussolini's government, he has also developed successful relationships with the conservative mainstream. In 1982, he distributed a letter from President Reagan praising Pearson's substantial contribution to 'promoting and upholding' those 'ideals and principles that we value at home and abroad. . .". . ."The Pioneer Fund was incorporated in 1937 by two American scientists: Harry Laughlin, who received an honorary doctorate from Heidelberg University in 1936 in honor of his contribution to Nazi eugenics, and Frederick Osborn, who wrote in 1937 that the Nazi sterilization law was 'the most exciting experiment that had ever been tried. . .The fund had two purposes. The first, modeled on the Nazi breeding program, was aimed at encouraging the propagation of those 'descended predominantly from white persons who settled in the original thirteen states prior to the adoption of the Constitution of the United States and/or from related stocks, or to classes of children, the majority of whom are deemed to be so descended'. Its second purpose was to support academic research and the 'dissemination of information, into the 'problem of heredity and eugenics' and 'the problems of race betterment'. For sources and for additional information, see ISAR at http://www.ferris.edu/isar/.

[19] Again, see Daniel Bonevac , "Leviathan U.," The Imperiled Academy, Transaction Publishers, 1993. Also: Daniel Bonevac, "What Multiculturalism Should Not Be," in College Literature, 21:3, October 1994, pp. 157-172. Also, see Lino Graglia, "Racial Preferences in Admissions to Institutions of Higher Education," in The Imperiled Academy, Howard Dickman (ed.), Transaction Publishers, 1993, pp. 127-151.

[20] See my "Fear and Loathing: The History of Affirmative Action in Texas," published online in archives at Feminista.com. For a clear statement of academic racism and the "Natural Law" view of minorities, one can examine arguments by Daniel Bonevac, Chairman of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Texas and spokesman for the National Association of Scholars (NAS). He argues [op. cit.], "Inequality is inevitable" and, ". .despite aggressive--and in many cases arguably illegal--affirmative action efforts, [universities] have not succeeded in bringing large numbers of minorities into either student bodies or faculties. For much of the past decade, the number of blacks enrolled in institutions of higher education has been declining. Similarly, the number of blacks receiving Ph.D.s has been dropping. . .Differences in high school performance and test scores suggest that, if it were not for ["those aggressive and in many cases arguably illegal"] affirmative action programs, our elite higher education institutions would be almost completely white and Asian. . Groups now in positions of power are unlikely to be overwhelmed by others. If current standards of [white male] excellence remain in place, those groups will remain solidly in power for decades to come [emphasis mine]. " Firstly, until the Hopwood ruling, no one could argue that affirmative action programs are "arguably illegal." The programs in place had been supported all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, and were in accordance with established law. With its Hopwood ruling, however, the Fifth Circuit has effectively changed the law--at least in those states in the Fifth Circuit, most notably Texas. Secondly, and most striking, is Bonevac's view of the oppression of minorities, which he shares with other spokemen of the NAS, a notoriously Conservative Right academic organization, and with other various racist groups. In so many words, his view is that minorities suffer because they are, in fact, inferior. Minorities simply do not come up to standards of excellence set by the majority [white male] culture and by those in authority in economic, educational, or other terms. With the use of his Luddite and Mercantilist models, he argues that minorities are advancing their "illiberal" multicultural goals because they can't otherwise compete in the university in terms of standards of academic excellence, intelligence, and willingness to work hard--like [mostly] white males can. The Luddite model is used to argue that the "illiberals" are intellectually inferior, backward, and unable to compete. Hence they oppose the progressive innovations of science and technology. The Mercantilist model is used to show that because they can't compete on the same intellectual level like the rest of the university [white male] community, non-white minorities and women develop "covert and dishonest ways" to seek out and obtain rewards and positions they don't deserve. And they don't deserve such rewards and positions because they lack intellectual and academic merit and are unwilling to work hard. In sum, minorities and women are suffering because they are inferior, undeserving, and less morally worthy than those who do come up to those standards, that is [largely] white males. In essence, Bonevac's Luddite model is intended to reveal facets of what he calls the "illiberal insurgency" that the Insurgency model by itself cannot. This model is intended by Bonevac to show that [all?] those who "enlist in or acquiesce to the multicultural cause" are hostile to science and technology. They are opposed to social and intellectual changes stemming from technological innovation, and essentially do not have scientific and technological minds. Yearning for some pastoral vision of a simpler life, he explains, Luddites are found in universities in the less scientific, technological disciplines. The ideology of revolutionary democratic egalitarianism espoused by the multiculturalists, stems largely from the Luddism of philosophers such as Marx, Nietzsche, and Heidegger. The "illiberals" who espouse this ideology, according to Bonevac fear the intellectual and technological innovation of science and engineering because they cannot compete with it, and they cannot compete with it because they are simply intellectually unable to do so. Minorities, according to Bonevac, are simply intellectually and morally inferior. Bonevac's entire treatise is suffused with the theme that these inferior, unworthy and undeserving minorities are unfairly taking over universities by trying to get something they don't deserve and haven't worked for. Overall, his Conservative Right view of minorities and women mirrors that of National Socialist doctrines found in Hitler's and George Lincoln Rockwell's ideology, as well as that of various right groups as cited in Dobratz and Shanks-Meile [see below].

[21] For one example of this, see Raymond Cattell, Beyondism: Religion from Science, New York, 1987.

[22] One of those marionettes, a spokeswoman for Presidential contender George W. Bush, has even gone so far as to applaud the "virtues" of the Jim Crow era in the United States. This was the era when Blacks were not only viciously segregated from whites in all areas of life, but-among other things--many Black men were hung just for the "sport" of it by white gangs who were never found guilty of anything by all-white juries. They did this by a process called "jury nullification," which basically says that the Constitution and laws of the land just don't apply to them. But as far as this Black female lackey is concerned, Jim Crow was one of the best things that ever happened to Blacks in the United States. Needless to say, this young Black lady has a great future in the Conservative Right as a supporter of George W. Bush.

[23] For documentation of the effects of "compassionate conservatism," see my "In George W. Bush's Texas, Parts One and Two," in Feminista. Com. Also see "Bush Watch" online and issues of the Texas Observer.

[24] Associated Press, "Human-rights Group Faults Texas Justice: Clemency Process 'Empty,' Amnesty International says," The Dallas Morning News, June 3, 1999.

[25] Rep. Jim Pitts, (R-Waxahachie), as cited in The Texas Observer (online), "Kill 'Em Early," 1999.

[26] Associated Press, "Human-rights Group Faults Texas Justice: Clemency Process 'Empty,' Amnesty International says," The Dallas Morning News, June 3, 1999.

[27] Bob Herbert, "In America: Criminal Justice," Op-Ed Column, The New York Times, June 24, 1999.

[28] Viveca Novak, "The Cost of Poor Advice," Time Magazine, Volume 154, no. 1, July 5, 1999.

[29] William Glaberson, "Damage Control: A Special Report: Some Plaintiffs Losing Out in Texas' War on Lawsuits," The New York Times, June 7, 1999. [30] Darlene Superville, "Maine Tops List of Best States to Raise Children," The Associated Press, Washington, D.C., July 27, 1999, appearing on ABC NEWS, ABC News Internet Ventures

[31] In Part I of "In George W. Bush's Texas," I quoted 70 percent, which is 1 percent too low. See Christopher Lee, "Session Yields Health-Care Subsidies, Protection Against Abuse for Kids," Dallas Morning News, June 1, 1999. [32] Lori Stahl, "Bush's Vow of Compassion Has Its Critics," Dallas Morning News, March 7, 1999.

[33] Christopher Lee, "Texas Leads Nation in Lost Medicaid Coverage for Children," The Dallas Morning News, October 21, 1999; and "Texas Continues Welfare System Reform: Bush Disappointed at Failure of More Punitive Measures," The Dallas Morning News, May 31, 1999.

[34] Michael King, "Who's Poisoning Texas," The Texas Observer, May 8, 1998. Also: Editor, "Bordering Disaster," The Texas Observer, May 31, 1996.

[35] Wayne Slater, "Bush Assailed for Gifts From Firms Legislative Interests," The Dallas Morning News, May 1, 1999. Also: Associated Press, "Support for Bush Presidential Bid Run Slips to 42% Governor Sued Over Pollution-Control Records," The Dallas Morning News, May 5, 1999; Christy Hoppe, "Legislators Approve Hefty Fees for Large Industrial Polluters," The Dallas Morning News, May 31, 1999.

[36] Louis Dubose, "On the Record: Twelve Questions The National Media Should Ask Governor Bush," The Texas Observer, July 1999.

[37] Louis Dubose, "On the Record: Twelve Questions The National Media Should Ask Governor Bush," The Texas Observer, July 1999.

[38] Associated Press, "Bush Signs Bill Limiting Gun Suits by Cities," The Dallas Morning News, June 6, 1999.

[39] Alison Gregor, "Women Face Greater Danger in States with Fewer Gun Controls, Report Says," The Dallas Morning News, October 21, 1999.

[40] Ronnie Dugger, "Questions for George W.," The Texas Observer, May 28, 1998.

[41] Ronnie Dugger, Ibid.

[42] Ronnie Dugger, Ibid.

[43] Ronnie Dugger, Ibid.

[44] Ronnie Dugger, Ibid. Also: Christopher Lee, "Texas Continues Welfare System Reform: Bush Disappointed at Failure of More Punitive Measures," Dallas Morning News, May 31, 1999.

[45] Ronnie Dugger, Ibid.

[46] Ronnie Dugger, Ibid.

[47] Some readers will no doubt be shocked that there has ever been any alliance at all between Nazism and Christianity. Minimally, they should recall that Adolf Hitler was a Catholic and that the Church never disavowed or excommunicated him. Born and bred a Catholic, he grew up in a religion and in a culture that was anti-Semitic. In persecuting Jews, he repeatedly proclaimed he was doing the "Lord's work." In Mein Kampf, he states: "Therefore, I am convinced that I am acting as the agent of our Creator. By fighting off the Jews, I am doing the Lord's Work". He also stated again at a Nazi Christmas celebration in 1926: "Christ was the greatest early fighter in the battle against the world enemy, the Jews ... The work that Christ started but could not finish, I -- Adolf Hitler - will conclude." In a Reichstag speech in 1938, Hitler again echoed the religious origins of his genocidal crusade. "I believe today that I am acting in the sense of the Almighty Creator. By warding off the Jews, I am fighting for the Lord's work." Hitler regarded himself as a Catholic his entire life. "I am now as before a Catholic and will always remain so," he told Gerhard Engel, one of his generals, in 1941. Biographer John Toland [ ] wrote of Hitler's religion: "Still a member in good standing of the Church of Rome despite detestation of its hierarchy, he carried within him its teaching that the Jew was the killer of god. The extermination, therefore, could be done without a twinge of conscience since he was merely acting as the avenging hand of god. . ."

[48] For this and much of the exposition on Christian Identity, I have relied heavily on documents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, in particular the Megiddo Report, and on Harvey Kushner, Terrorism in America, Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, 1998. I have also relied on David Lethbridge, Christian Identity: Religion, Racism, and White Supremacy, which can be found at http://www.bethune.w-3productions.com/.

[49] Betty A. Dobratz and Stephanie Shanks-Meile, The Ku Klux Klan and The American Nazi Party: Case Studies in Totalitarianism and Fascism, TRANSFORMING SOCIOLOGY SERIES of The Red Feather Institute, Weidman, Michigan. As pointed out by Dobratz and Shanks-Meile, the U.S. has numerous Conservative right-wing groups which engage in various forms of terrorism from the far right. Three nationwide groups include (1) the Ku Klux Klan, which oppresses blacks, Jews, and most other non-white minorities as well as members of non-Christian religions; (2) The Nazi party which is anti-Semitic and maintains whites should rule America; and (3) the Aryan Brotherhood which is located in many prisons and "protects white prisoners from black ones." Regional groups include (1) the Aryan Nations Church which is anti-black and anti-Semitic and trains white supremacist groups; (2) The Order, an offshoot of number the Aryan Nations, which holds that Jesus was a member of a Nordic tribe; (3) the Restored Church of Jesus Christ Aryan Nation whose purpose is to kill all blacks; and (4) Posse Comitatus which is anti-federal income tax and supports the overthrow of the U.S. Government; (5) Euro-American Alliance which "defends white extremists from the Jews;" (6) the Covenant, the Sword and the Arm of the Lord which maintains Jews are an anti-Christ race; and (7) the Christian Defense League which advocates removal of Jews from public offices. These organizations change, disband, and regroup over time, so this classification is not complete.